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Who Is a Penetration Tester?

Who Is a Penetration Tester: Everything You Need to Know?

The importance of a penetration tester has grown significantly. A pen test, short for penetration testing, is a simulated cyberattack conducted on your computer system to assess for any vulnerable points that could be exploited.

The core of penetration testing is its proactive security approach – finding and fixing vulnerabilities before they can be used by malicious attackers. Penetration testers, also known as ethical hackers, use a range of tools, methods, and approaches to simulate the behavior of possible intruders. Their knowledge is essential in protecting an organization’s digital assets from constantly changing risks.

The penetration testing market is experiencing strong growth due to the importance of this role in cybersecurity. The estimated growth is from USD 4.25 billion in 2024 to USD 12.76 billion by 2029. This increase shows a remarkable compounded annual growth rate (CAGR) of 24.59% in the next five years, highlighting the growing focus and investment in penetration testing services worldwide.

The significance of conducting penetration testing is imperative in the current digital era, where cyber security risks are increasingly prevalent. Penetration testers act as the primary defense, utilizing their expertise to discover and address weaknesses in computer systems, networks, and applications.

Their job involves more than just enhancing security protocols; it also includes studying the thought process of cyber enemies in order to predict and stop possible attacks.

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Why You Need Penetration Testing

Who Is a Penetration Tester?
Who Is a Penetration Tester?

Penetration testing is customized for the individual needs and security stance of each organization, rather than being a generic process for all. Depending on the requirements of an organization, the extent of a penetration test can vary significantly.

This difference is seen in the various kinds of pen tests: opaque, semi-opaque, and transparent box tests, each providing varying levels of understanding of the system under examination.

  1. Opaque Box Testing recreates an external hacking or cyber attack situation without prior knowledge of internal systems. This kind of assessment examines the security of a company’s outward-facing elements, like its websites and external networks.
  2. Semi-Opaque Box Testing gives testers advanced information, such as system architecture or credentials. This method enables a more targeted testing process, focusing on certain aspects of the system that have known vulnerabilities or areas of concern.
  3. Transparent Box Testing provides testers with a complete understanding of the system, including source code, architectural diagrams, and additional documentation. This in-depth access allows for a complete evaluation of the system’s security status and can pinpoint possible weaknesses that could be overlooked in less educated testing situations.

There are multiple purposes for conducting penetration tests. In essence, these tests are created to:

  • Identify vulnerabilities in systems prior to attackers to enable organizations to address them in a managed way.
  • Assess the strength of controls and security measures to ensure they can effectively withstand real attacks.
  • Assist in adhering to data privacy and security regulations like PCI DSS, HIPAA, and GDPR, which frequently mandate consistent security evaluations.
  • Offer both qualitative and quantitative information to guide decisions on security posture and budgeting, offering stakeholders a comprehensive view of the areas where security investments are most necessary.

What Does a Penetration Tester Do?

Easiest Way to Get into Cybersecurity

Being a penetration tester requires a combination of technical expertise, creativity, and critical thinking due to its challenging and constantly evolving nature. Penetration testers are at the forefront of information security, tasked with identifying vulnerabilities that could potentially be exploited by cybercriminals.

Their role involves simulating cyberattacks in a controlled environment to reveal and exploit weaknesses in computer systems, networks, and software.

Key Responsibilities and Daily Tasks

The primary responsibility of a penetration tester is to perform organized evaluations that imitate real cyber attacks. These duties entail gathering information on the target through reconnaissance, identifying vulnerabilities by scanning systems, taking advantage of those vulnerabilities to gain access, and maintaining access to evaluate potential outcomes.

Additionally, they are responsible for generating detailed reports that highlight the vulnerabilities discovered, the methods used to exploit them, and recommendations for fixing them.

Required Skillset

An effective penetration tester must possess a unique blend of abilities across technical and non-technical domains:

  • Technical Skills: Proficiency in different programming languages, knowledge of network protocols, and familiarity with operating systems are fundamental technical skills. Understanding hacking tools and methods, along with the skill to think innovatively to circumvent security measures, are equally important.
  • Soft Skills: Penetration testers’ ability to think critically and solve problems allows them to come up with creative strategies to bypass defenses. Effective communication abilities are crucial for documenting and clarifying discoveries to non-technical stakeholders, guaranteeing that the consequences of vulnerabilities are properly comprehended.

Staying Ahead of Attackers

The cybersecurity sector is continuously changing, with new weaknesses and methods of attack appearing frequently. Penetration testers need to continually learn to stay updated on the newest security trends, tools, and techniques.

Engaging in ethical hacking groups, going to security events, and continuing to learn is essential for staying up-to-date to effectively imitate complex cyberattacks.

In the digital era, the role of a penetration tester is crucial, as cybersecurity threats present major risks to businesses and organizations. By utilizing their skills and strong commitment, penetration testers play a key role in safeguarding digital infrastructures, defending sensitive data, and upholding trust in technology systems.

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The Penetration Testing Process

Penetration Testing
Penetration Testing

The process of penetration testing follows a methodical approach similar to that of actual hackers, allowing testers to identify potential vulnerabilities that could be used for malicious purposes.

This process is usually divided into separate stages, all essential for collecting data, finding weaknesses, exploiting vulnerabilities, and evaluating the possible consequences of security breaches.

1. Reconnaissance

The initial stage, reconnaissance, includes gathering all available information about the system being targeted. This stage is similar to a reconnaissance mission, aiming to comprehend the objective without tipping off the opponent.

Methods include searching public information, manipulating people, scanning networks, and occasionally even observing in person (for example, rummaging through trash). The data collected at this stage aids in outlining the target’s online presence and pinpointing possible ways to access their systems.

2. Scanning

Penetration testers utilize automated tools during scanning to identify open ports, running services, and exposed vulnerabilities, which is the key technical aspect of pen testing. This stage is crucial for identifying the attack vectors and concentrating on exploitable vulnerabilities.

In this stage, a variety of tools, such as network scanners and vulnerability assessment applications, are utilized to provide information on the security status of the system.

3. Gaining Access

Entering the system requires taking advantage of the weaknesses found while scanning to infiltrate it. This stage replicates a real cyberattack by utilizing techniques such as SQL injection, cross-site scripting, or different social engineering strategies to obtain unauthorized entry.

The objective is not only to break into the system but also to determine the extent to which an attacker could infiltrate and the types of data or controls that could be at risk.

4. Maintaining Access

After successfully gaining access, the next goal is to retain that access for a sufficient amount of time to achieve the desired objectives, such as data theft, system control, or demonstrating the ability to maintain access consistently. This stage examines the target’s capacity to identify and react to unauthorized actions, revealing weaknesses in incident response and monitoring.

5. Analysis and Reporting

The last step is to examine the data gathered from the test and create a detailed report outlining the vulnerabilities found, the techniques utilized to exploit them, and the possible consequences for the organization. This report is essential for the remediation process, offering practical insights to help enhance the security stance of the system.

Every step in the penetration testing procedure is meant to imitate the behaviors of possible intruders very accurately, offering organizations important information about their security weaknesses and how to fix them.

By using this systematic method, penetration testers can provide both qualitative and quantitative information to support strategic security decisions, ensuring that resources are efficiently allocated to defend against actual threats in the real world.

Types of Penetration Testing

Who Is a Pen Tester?
Who Is a Pen Tester?

Penetration testing covers a variety of methods and focuses customized to meet the unique requirements and structure of the organization under assessment. This feature enables testers to conduct a comprehensive evaluation of the security of different elements in a company’s digital ecosystem. Let’s examine the various forms of penetration testing in more detail:

1. Web Apps

Web apps are crucial for the functioning of numerous companies, which is why they are a top priority for potential attackers. Testers examine these applications closely to identify vulnerabilities like SQL injection, cross-site scripting (XSS), broken authentication, and security misconfigurations. The objective is to pinpoint any vulnerabilities that may permit unauthorized entry to or alteration of confidential information.

2. Mobile Apps

Mobile app security is crucial due to the widespread use of smartphones. Penetration tests on mobile applications aim to uncover weaknesses in the code of the app and the backend systems it connects to. Frequent problems comprise insecure data storage, inadequate encryption methods, and weaknesses in third-party services or APIs that the app depends on.

3. Networks

Network penetration testing assesses the security of a company’s network infrastructure. Testers search for weak spots that may enable unauthorized entry or hinder service. This kind of testing is crucial for discovering vulnerabilities in network protocols, firewall settings, and intrusion detection/prevention systems.

4. Cloud

Cloud environments present distinct security obstacles because of the shared responsibility model and the constantly changing nature of cloud resources. Penetration testing in cloud environments specifically targets configuration management, access controls, and the security of cloud-centric services such as storage buckets and virtual machines. Testers also evaluate the organization’s capacity to protect data while it is being transmitted and while it is at rest.

5. Containers

Containers and their coordination tools, such as Docker and Kubernetes, have become essential in contemporary application deployment. Penetration testing in this region concentrates on configuration management, network segmentation, and the security of the container images themselves.

Frequent vulnerabilities consist of insecure APIs, improperly configured network access controls, and weaknesses in the container images.

6. Embedded Devices (IoT)

The Internet of Things (IoT) covers a wide variety of devices, including both consumer gadgets and industrial machinery. Security assessments for IoT devices frequently target the device firmware, communication protocols, and the environment in which the devices function, such as cloud services and mobile applications.

7. APIs

APIs play a crucial role in modern web services and applications, making them a key target for security evaluations. Testing concentrates on problems such as insufficient authentication, extensive data exposure, and injection vulnerabilities. Successful API testing necessitates utilizing both automated tools and manual inspections to thoroughly evaluate security measures and logic.

8. CI/CD Pipeline

The CI/CD pipeline is crucial in DevSecOps for constantly delivering software. Penetration testing, in this case, targets the security of both development and deployment procedures, which includes examining code repositories, ensuring the integrity of build processes, and managing deployment secrets securely.

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Penetration Testing Tools and Techniques

Stages of Penetration Testing
Stages of Penetration Testing

Penetration testing is a combination of creativity, technical expertise, and using the correct tools, making it both an art and a science. The success of a penetration test depends greatly on the tester’s skill in utilizing a range of tools and methods to identify and exploit weaknesses.

These tools fall into various categories, each fulfilling a distinct role in the penetration testing procedure.

1. Reconnaissance Tools

Gathering information, also known as reconnaissance, is the initial stage of the penetration testing procedure. In this group, tools assist testers in gathering information on the target organization, its network infrastructure, and its online presence.

Utilizing tools such as Nmap for network scanning, the Harvester for collecting email addresses and domain data, and Shodan for discovering internet-connected devices is essential in piecing together a thorough understanding of the target’s potential vulnerabilities.

2. Vulnerability Scanners

After the first stage of gathering information is finished, vulnerability scanners are used to automatically find known vulnerabilities in networks, web applications, and APIs. Nessus, OpenVAS, and Qualys are tools that can efficiently scan extensive networks or applications and generate reports on possible vulnerabilities that require additional investigation.

3. Proxy Tools

Proxy tools serve as middlemen between the tester’s device and the target, intercepting, examining, and occasionally altering the data flow between them. Burp Suite and OWASP ZAP are crucial for testing web applications as they enable testers to intercept and modify requests in order to identify vulnerabilities such as XSS, SQL injection, and others.

4. Exploitation Tools

Exploitation tools are utilized to exploit identified vulnerabilities, enabling testers to showcase the possible repercussions of an attack. Metasploit is possibly the best-known tool in this field, offering a wide range of exploit code stored in a database that can be utilized to take over vulnerable systems.

5. Post Exploitation Tools

Once a vulnerability has been successfully exploited, penetration testers utilize post-exploitation tools in order to retain access, enhance privileges, or transition to different systems. Utilizing tools like Mimikatz for gathering credentials and PowerShell Empire for post-exploitation is essential in determining an attacker’s potential actions post-system infiltration.

6. Techniques

Although tools are important, penetration testers’ methods and tactics ultimately dictate the extent and scope of the test. Methods like social engineering, phishing attacks, and physical security evaluations (such as tailgating and lock picking) are tools used by penetration testers to exploit the human factor in security.

7. Manual vs. Automated Testing

Although automated tools are helpful for efficiently completing tasks quickly, they cannot replace a skilled tester’s ability to understand details and adapt. Manual testing methods are crucial for finding business logic errors and intricate vulnerabilities, as well as for thoroughly testing unique or atypical systems that automated tools may not be able to effectively assess.

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The Benefits of Penetration Testing

Conducting penetration testing is a crucial element in an all-encompassing cybersecurity plan. Its advantages go beyond just finding system weaknesses; it offers companies the understanding necessary to strengthen their protections against the constantly changing landscape of cyber threats. Below are some important advantages of performing regular penetration tests:

1. Identification of Vulnerabilities

Identifying security vulnerabilities before attackers can exploit them is the main advantage of penetration testing. Through the use of realistic attack simulations, penetration testers can identify vulnerabilities in software, networks, and systems, such as those caused by software bugs, misconfigurations, and insecure coding.

2. Determination of the Robustness of Controls

Penetration testing assesses how well an organization’s security measures and controls are performing. This involves evaluating the strength of protection provided by firewalls, intrusion detection systems, and encryption protocols against cyber attacks. This assessment aids organizations in determining their current security stance and identifying needed enhancements.

3. Support for Compliance

Numerous sectors are regulated by standards that mandate frequent security evaluations, such as penetration testing. By performing these examinations, companies can verify adherence to rules like PCI DSS, HIPAA, and GDPR, which require strict security protocols for safeguarding confidential information.

4. Risk Management

Penetration testing offers both quantitative and qualitative information about security weaknesses, allowing companies to rank risks according to their possible consequences. This security approach based on risk enables better distribution of resources, ensuring timely addressing of critical vulnerabilities.

5. Enhancing Incident Response Capabilities

Through running simulated cyberattacks, penetration tests assist organizations in evaluating their incident response procedures and pinpointing deficiencies in their response capabilities. This valuable preparation helps teams respond better to security incidents, reducing potential harm and downtime.

6. Building Confidence and Trust

Conducting routine penetration testing shows a company’s dedication to security and boosts trust with stakeholders, clients, and collaborators. Having a robust security posture safeguards both the company’s assets and its reputation, an essential aspect in the current digital environment.

7. Informed Security Investments

The knowledge acquired through penetration testing serves as a sturdy basis for making educated choices regarding security investments. Organizations can pinpoint the most crucial vulnerabilities to focus on and invest in specific solutions that provide the highest ROI.

Challenges and Limitations of Penetration Testing

Even though penetration testing is a valuable asset in cybersecurity, it still has its own difficulties and constraints. Understanding these factors is vital for organizations to successfully utilize penetration tests in their security model.

1. Is Labor-Intensive and Costly

One major difficulty of penetration testing is the amount of manual work required. Skilled professionals who can think like attackers are essential for conducting a comprehensive test, utilizing a combination of automated tools and manual testing techniques. Penetration testing is an expensive undertaking due to the high level of skill needed and the lengthy testing process.

2. Does Not Comprehensively Prevent Bugs and Flaws

Penetration testing detects weaknesses in current systems but is unable to stop the emergence of new vulnerabilities in upcoming software updates or configurations. Therefore, it is important to regularly conduct this assessment to ensure its effectiveness, even though it increases the overall cost and effort needed.

3. Limited by Scope and Time

Time and budget limitations often restrict the extent of a penetration test, resulting in some components of a system not being thoroughly tested. Furthermore, penetration testers are usually limited to a specific timeframe for their work, which could prevent them from uncovering highly concealed vulnerabilities that take longer to find.

4. Potential for Missed Vulnerabilities

There is no penetration test that can ensure the detection of every vulnerability. The skill level of the testers, the tools employed, and the extent of the test all impact its efficacy. There is always a chance that certain vulnerabilities might go unnoticed, especially if they are extremely new or advanced.

5. Risk of System Disruption

Although penetration testers aim to reduce their impact on active systems, there is still a chance of encountering disruptions while conducting tests. This is especially accurate when examining for weaknesses that may impact the stability of the system or the integrity of the data. Organizations must find a balance between conducting comprehensive testing and the possibility of causing disruptions.

6. Ethical and Legal Considerations

Engaging in penetration testing without proper authorization may be viewed as illegal or unethical. Organizations need to make sure that they clearly define and authorize all testing activities beforehand to prevent legal complications or breaches of trust.

7. Dependency on Tester Expertise

The skill and years in the field of the testers play a major role in determining the effectiveness of a penetration test. Novice testers might struggle to detect intricate vulnerabilities or miss vital elements of the system’s security stance, resulting in a mistaken belief in safety.

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The Future of Penetration Testing

As the cybersecurity sector rapidly develops, penetration testing is also going through major changes. Three main factors, including new technologies, changing attack methods, and the growing complexity of IT setups, are influencing the trajectory of penetration testing.

1. Integration of Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning

AI and ML are starting to have a significant impact on automating complicated tasks within penetration testing. These technologies have the ability to analyze large quantities of data, detect patterns, and predict potential vulnerabilities more quickly than human testers can.

As AI and ML advance, we can anticipate them playing a more active part in recognizing and addressing vulnerabilities promptly.

2. Increased Emphasis on Cloud and IoT Security

The expansion of the attack surface for many organizations has increased due to the adoption of cloud computing and the growing number of Internet of Things (IoT) devices. This change requires specific penetration testing approaches designed for the distinct security obstacles posed by cloud environments and IoT devices.

Penetration testers must acquire additional skills and tools in order to properly evaluate the security of these technologies.

3. Automation and Continuous Integration

Incorporating automated penetration testing tools into the CI/CD pipeline is a major move towards enhancing dynamic and continuous security practices. Automated tools are able to detect vulnerabilities while code is being developed, enabling quick resolution and greatly diminishing the timeframe during which potential attacks can occur.

4. Focus on Sophisticated Attack Simulations

With the increasing sophistication of attackers, penetration testing must advance beyond basic vulnerability scanning to incorporate intricate attack simulations. This involves APTs, social engineering attacks, and insider threats.

Penetration testers will use more red team exercises and purple teaming, involving attackers and defenders collaborating to find and fix vulnerabilities.

5. Regulatory and Compliance Changes

Regulatory standards for penetration testing practices are expected to change as governments and industries increasingly value cybersecurity. Companies need to keep up with these changes in order to ensure their testing methods are in line with regulations and are able to protect their assets successfully.

6. Enhanced Collaboration and Knowledge Sharing

In the future, there will be increased cooperation and sharing of information between security experts in penetration testing. Communities of practice, shared repositories of tools and techniques, as well as collaborative platforms, will play a growing role in spreading the most up-to-date security research and best practices.

Becoming a Penetration Tester

Becoming a Penetration Tester
Becoming a Penetration Tester

Starting a career as a penetration tester is a fulfilling journey that allows one to explore the nuances of cybersecurity, test their abilities with difficult challenges, and have a real influence on safeguarding businesses against cyber threats. If you want to pursue a career as a penetration tester, here is a roadmap to follow:

1. Education and Background

Having a solid background in computer science, information technology, or cybersecurity is extremely advantageous. Although having a formal degree in these fields is beneficial, it is not the sole option available. Several accomplished penetration testers come from various fields yet possess a common enthusiasm for technology and self-acquired technical abilities. Key areas of expertise consist of networks, operating systems, coding, and comprehension of cybersecurity fundamentals.

2. Gain Practical Experience

Having practical experience is essential in the realm of penetration testing. Beginning with a strong grasp of networks and systems, future penetration testers should hone their skills in supervised settings. This may involve creating home laboratories, joining Capture The Flag (CTF) contests, and utilizing websites such as Hack The Box or TryHackMe that offer genuine situations in a secure, lawful environment.

3. Certifications and Continuous Learning

Certifications are important for a penetration tester’s career as they offer structured learning paths and validate skills. Certain certifications that hold high regard in the industry are:

  • Certified Ethical Hacker (CEH)
  • Offensive Security Certified Professional (OSCP)
  • CompTIA PenTest+
  • Licensed Penetration Tester (LPT)

Penetration testers consider continuous learning to be an integral part of their lives. It is crucial to constantly stay informed on the newest vulnerabilities, attack methods, and ways to defend against them in the rapidly changing cybersecurity field.

4. Networking and Community Involvement

Getting involved in the cybersecurity community can offer valuable chances to learn, receive mentorship, and build career relationships. This could involve participating in online forums, engaging on social media, attending conferences, and becoming a member of local cybersecurity groups. Participating in projects and exchanging knowledge can improve one’s reputation and create new career possibilities.

5. Start Building Your Career

Starting out in cybersecurity with entry-level positions like security analysts or junior penetration testers can be a beneficial first step. Being in these positions allows for exposure to the wider realm of cybersecurity, giving a chance to improve skills and acquire experience.

Creating a collection of projects, such as engaging in CTFs, bug bounty programs, or personal endeavors, can showcase abilities to prospective employers.

6. Outlook for Careers in Penetration Testing

The demand for skilled cybersecurity professionals, including penetration testers, is expected to grow as organizations continue to prioritize security. Penetration testers not only enjoy the satisfaction of tackling complex security challenges but also benefit from competitive salaries, opportunities for advancement, and the dynamic nature of the field.

Conclusion

The importance of a penetration tester is key in today’s cybersecurity landscape. These experts use their technical skills, innovation, and determination to find weaknesses and vulnerabilities in systems, networks, and applications before they can be taken advantage of by malicious individuals.

By conducting thorough penetration testing, they replicate genuine cyber attacks to offer organizations valuable insights into their security status, facilitating the detection and resolution of possible security threats.

Becoming a penetration tester requires constant learning, experimenting, and adapting. As the cybersecurity field constantly changes, penetration testers must keep up-to-date on the newest threats, tools, and techniques. Their job requires not just technical skills but also ethical values and a dedication to safeguarding digital assets from advanced cyber threats.

FAQ

Does penetration testing require coding?

Having coding skills can greatly help in penetration testing, but it’s not mandatory for all positions in the field. Comprehension of programming languages like Python, JavaScript, Bash, or PowerShell aids in automating tasks, creating bespoke scripts for exploiting vulnerabilities and grasping the logic behind tested applications. Although not all penetration tests necessitate direct coding skills, a strong programming background can improve a tester’s performance and productivity.

What are the three types of penetration tests?

The three primary types of penetration tests are:

Black Box Testing: In black box testing, the penetration tester has no prior knowledge of the target system. This simulates an attack by an external hacker and focuses on finding vulnerabilities that can be exploited from the outside.

White Box Testing (Transparent Box Testing): White box testing provides the penetration tester with complete knowledge of the target system, including source code, architecture diagrams, and credentials. This approach allows for a thorough assessment of internal security controls and potential vulnerabilities.

Gray Box Testing (Semi-Opaque Box Testing): Gray box testing offers a middle ground where the tester has some knowledge about the internal workings of the system, such as limited user credentials or architecture overviews. This type of test simulates an attack by an insider or an external attacker who has gained some level of access or knowledge about the system.

Is penetration tester a good job?

Working as a penetration tester can bring great satisfaction to those with a keen interest in cybersecurity. It provides the chance to engage in diverse and difficult tasks, consistently acquire fresh skills and technologies, and have a vital impact on safeguarding organizations from cyber threats. Penetration testers are needed in many different sectors because cybersecurity is becoming more crucial, offering job stability and good pay. The position provides a feeling of success through the ethical hacking of systems to enhance their resilience against actual threats.

How to become a penetration tester?

Becoming a penetration tester typically involves a mix of education, practical experience, and professional certification:

Educational Background: A degree in computer science, cybersecurity, or a related field can provide a strong foundation. However, many successful penetration testers also come from self-taught, non-traditional backgrounds.

Gain Practical Experience: Hands-on experience is crucial. Start by setting up your own lab environment, participating in capture the flag (CTF) competitions, and practicing with platforms like Hack The Box or TryHackMe.

Learn Programming: Acquire knowledge in programming and scripting languages such as Python, JavaScript, and Bash to help automate tasks and write exploits.

Professional Certifications: Consider earning professional certifications such as Certified Ethical Hacker (CEH), Offensive Security Certified Professional (OSCP), or CompTIA PenTest+ to validate your skills and improve your employability.

Networking and Continuous Learning: Engage with the cybersecurity community, attend workshops and conferences, and stay updated on the latest cybersecurity trends and threats.

Entry-Level Positions: Start in an entry-level cybersecurity role, such as a security analyst, to build experience and work your way up to a penetration tester position.

If you’re ready to take the next step in your cybersecurity journey? You can do that with an expert beside you to guide you through without having to stress much. Schedule a one-on-one consultation with Tolulope Michael, a cybersecurity professional with over a decade of field experience. This will allow you to gain personalized insights and guidance tailored to your career goals.

Visit tolumichael.com now to book your session. This is your opportunity to embark on your cybersecurity career with confidence.

Tolulope Michael

Tolulope Michael

Tolulope Michael is a multiple six-figure career coach, internationally recognised cybersecurity specialist, author and inspirational speaker. Tolulope has dedicated about 10 years of his life to guiding aspiring cybersecurity professionals towards a fulfilling career and a life of abundance. As the founder, cybersecurity expert, and lead coach of Excelmindcyber, Tolulope teaches students and professionals how to become sought-after cybersecurity experts, earning multiple six figures and having the flexibility to work remotely in roles they prefer. He is a highly accomplished cybersecurity instructor with over 6 years of experience in the field. He is not only well-versed in the latest security techniques and technologies but also a master at imparting this knowledge to others. His passion and dedication to the field is evident in the success of his students, many of whom have gone on to secure jobs in cyber security through his program "The Ultimate Cyber Security Program".

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