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The MGM Cyber Attack- Everything you Need to Know

The MGM cyber attack has shown what organizations are really up against in this digital age. Perpetrated by the infamous hacker group “ALPHV, Scattered Spider,” this high-profile breach pointed towards the core reason why strong cybersecurity tactics should be implemented in the first place.

Once MGM Resorts’ security walls were breached, attackers managed to put in ransomware, which is the hardest version of social engineering and crippled most of the critical operations, with countless personal data put at risk.

This paper critically tries to analyze the MGM cyber attack and shed light on valuable insights and lessons learned that would help benefit future cybersecurity efforts in repelling these sinister threats.

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The MGM Cyber Attack: A Detailed Look

mgm cyberattack
MGM Cyberattack

1. Incident Overview

The cyber onslaught against MGM Resorts unfolded with deceptive simplicity, a hallmark of the most effective social engineering attacks. Utilizing platforms like LinkedIn, the attackers identified and impersonated an MGM employee, a tactic that paved the way into the heart of the company’s digital infrastructure. 

This initial breach was the catalyst for a ransomware attack that would bring the entertainment giant to its knees, showcasing the potent combination of psychological manipulation and technical acumen in modern cyber warfare.

2. Technical Intricacies

The technical execution of the MGM cyber-attack reveals a disturbingly efficient use of social engineering, specifically through impersonation and vishing (voice phishing). The attackers called the MGM IT help desk, feigning to be an employee in need of access assistance. 

This ten-minute conversation was all it took to compromise MGM’s defenses, granting the hackers administrator privileges. They infiltrated the Okta and Azure environments, which are critical to the company’s operational infrastructure, laying the groundwork for the ransomware deployment that followed.

The sophistication of the attack was further highlighted by the rapid identification and exploitation of vulnerabilities within MGM’s Okta servers. The subsequent deactivation of these servers by MGM in a bid to stem the attack underscores the reactive nature of many cybersecurity strategies, which often come into play only after the damage has begun. The deployment of ransomware on over 100 ESXi hypervisors crippled MGM’s operations, demonstrating the attackers’ thorough preparation and understanding of MGM’s IT environment.

3. Operational Disruptions

The immediate aftermath of the MGM cyber attack was a spectacle of operational chaos. Critical systems such as online reservations, digital room keys, and even slot machines that are the lifeblood of casino operations ground to a halt. 

This digital paralysis not only disrupted the guest experience but also exposed the intricate dependencies within MGM’s operational infrastructure on its digital frameworks. The inability to access or provide essential services underscored the profound impact cyber-attacks could have on the physical aspects of business operations.

4. Financial and Legal Repercussions

The financial toll on MGM Resorts was staggering, with estimated losses of approximately 8.4 million dollars per day. This figure paints a stark picture of the economic vulnerability businesses face in the wake of cyber attacks, emphasizing the broader implications beyond immediate operational disruptions. 

Furthermore, the incident triggered multiple class action lawsuits, alleging MGM’s negligence in protecting personally identifiable information (PII). These legal challenges highlight the growing legal and regulatory ramifications of cyber security breaches, stressing the importance of comprehensive data protection strategies to mitigate potential liabilities.

The fallout from the MGM cyber attack serves as a compelling case study of the cascading consequences of cybersecurity failures. Beyond the immediate operational and financial impacts, the breach has lasting implications on customer trust and brand reputation, elements that are significantly harder to quantify and restore.

As the dust settles, the incident offers critical lessons in the importance of not just defending against cyber attacks but also preparing for the inevitable aftermath. Building resilience in every facet of operations, from IT systems to customer service protocols, is essential in mitigating the impact of such disruptions.

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Cybersecurity Insights

MGM Resorts Cybersecurity Shutdown
People walking by the MGM Grand hotel-casino

Vulnerabilities Exposed

The MGM cyber attack laid bare several critical vulnerabilities, not only within MGM Resorts’ cybersecurity defenses but also in the broader context of corporate cybersecurity practices. One of the most glaring issues was the susceptibility to social engineering attacks, particularly those that manipulate human psychology rather than exploiting technical flaws. 

This vulnerability underscores the need for a cybersecurity strategy that encompasses both technical defenses and human factors.

The Importance of Employee Awareness

Central to the attack’s success was the exploitation of employee trust and the lack of awareness regarding social engineering tactics. The incident highlights the critical need for comprehensive cybersecurity awareness training for all employees, not just those in IT. 

Such training should focus on recognizing and responding to social engineering techniques, including phishing, vishing, and impersonation attempts. By empowering employees to act as the first line of defense, organizations can significantly enhance their cybersecurity posture.

Lessons Learned from the MGM Cyber Attack

1. Strengthening Cyber Defenses

In the aftermath of the MGM cyber attack, it becomes evident that organizations must continuously evolve their cybersecurity strategies to address emerging threats. This involves not only implementing advanced technological solutions but also establishing rigorous policies and procedures that address the human element of cybersecurity. Regular security assessments, vulnerability scanning, and penetration testing are essential components of a robust cybersecurity framework.

2. Incident Response Planning

A key takeaway from the MGM cyber attack is the importance of having a well-defined incident response plan. Such a plan enables organizations to respond swiftly and effectively to cyber incidents, minimizing damage and facilitating a swift recovery. Key elements of an effective incident response plan include clear communication channels, predefined roles and responsibilities, and regular drills to ensure readiness.

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The Bigger Picture: Cybersecurity in the Digital Age

MGM Casino
MGM Casino

The MGM cyber attack, therefore, really was not just a one-time event but part of the escalation of this growing trend in the cyber threats facing organizational vulnerabilities across the globe. This emerging trend only narrates the dynamic and resilient nature of the prevailing living cyber risk in a digital era, where innovations are met with just as insidious methods of attack. 

The MGM Resorts incident, one can contend, proved yet another brilliant reminder of how incessantly important adaptability and vigilance need to be so that digital assets can be defended against the many cyber threat incidences.

Trends in Cyber Attacks

With relentless attackers always looking for new ways to exploit vulnerabilities for financial gain, espionage, or outright disruption—all of which, it seems, are on the rise—cyber threats have morphed irrepressibly into something we live with while managing as well as possible. 

The sophistication of an attack like the one that hit MGM Resorts hints at a more pronounced shift in dynamics toward much more targeted and coordinated efforts, ironically typically at the attackers’ own expense, at maximum disruption or ransom demands. 

This trend underscores the requirement for organizations to have the most up-to-date tactics for the latest cyber threat on an ongoing basis and strengthens why organizations need to constantly evolve cybersecurity strategies.

Such development of the dimension of cyber threats clearly leads to one thing: organizations have to concentrate on the issue of cybersecurity. This means building advanced technical defenses and, in parallel, fostering a security-aware culture among all employees.

It is, therefore, an essential role of organizations to pioneer the roles cybersecurity plays in business continuity and trust. Reasonable investment in comprehensive cybersecurity is an ultimate imperative and foundation for the business resiliency and competitiveness of a business in such a digital time.


A compelling storyline in the MGM cyber attack shows multiple interwoven problems cybersecurity is pressed with. It shows the never-ending innovative nature as it leverages cyberspace and most likely calls on organizations to be equally dynamic and, hence, proactive towards their balancing attempts in cybersecurity. 

Thus, lessons drawn from such incidences in reinforcing digital infrastructures are pertinent as we wind our way through the diversities and complexity of the digital era. The journey to cybersecurity resilience is that of relentless commitment to effort, pushing the frontier of innovation, vigilance, and collaboration.

After this cyber attack faced by MGM, it has become important that we come to a resolution on how to protect and keep watch over our workforce. Altogether, we can aspire jointly toward a future in which these threats are cared for with efficacy and great resilience, protecting the targets in both the physical and the digital worlds from insecurity.

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How much money did MGM lose from the cyber attack?

It was further reported that the cyber incident made MGM Resorts suffer a serious financial problem of approximately $8.4 million in revenues damaged per day. Even if the quality of the financial loss will depend, obviously enough, on how long the deviations in operation remain and how expensive the processes of remediation end up being, that is still a fair economic loss.

What does MGM do?

MGM Resorts International is one of the leading entertainment companies in the world, offering an exciting mix of resort destinations. The company runs a chain of restaurants, conference rooms, dining facilities, and entertainment venues worldwide. MGM Resorts is one of the largest companies in the world dealing in gaming and hospitality.

How did MGM lose $100 million?

It never specifies that MGM lost $100 million. However, according to the excerpt, it just shows that the company was losing money at a clip of around $8.4 million because of the cyber attack. Some of the losses are because it couldn’t process its reservations, use digital keys for its rooms, run slot machines, and other of its systems.

Together, such disruptions, lasting a number of months—if not years—individually resulted in, or in some cases have cost more than $100 million in aggregate.

What happens during a cyber-attack?

Cybercriminals will try to capitalize on the weaknesses that may exist in the computer system or in the network of a potential target with the aim of unauthorized entry, disturbance of operations, theft, or infliction of damage. The nature and implications of a cyber attack depend directly on the attack’s main intentions and the type of the attack. The common implications include the following:

  • Operational Disruption: Potential stopping or hampering of offered processes and services, like MGM reservation systems or slot machines.
  • Data Breach: It is getting hold of sensitive information such as personal data, financial records, or proprietary business information that is likely to be stolen for release or sale.
  • Financial Losses: Costs applied directly on the breach include costs, revenue loss through an incurring time lag due to downtime since operations could not continue, fines based on the breach, and the respective litigation expenses.
  • Reputational Damage: Trust in the organization can be eroded, affecting customer relationships and business prospects.
  • Regulatory Penalties: Non-compliance with data protection regulations can result in hefty fines and sanctions. Some methods of attacks entail malware, ransomware, social engineering, phishing, and denial, which are designed; they use other means to get access to these varied vulnerabilities to give certain outcomes.


If you’re ready to take the next step in your cybersecurity journey? You can do that with an expert beside you to guide you through without having to stress much. Schedule a one-on-one consultation with Tolulope Michael, a cybersecurity professional with over a decade of field experience. This will allow you to gain personalized insights and guidance tailored to your career goals.

Visit now to book your session. This is your opportunity to embark on your cybersecurity career with confidence.

Tolulope Michael

Tolulope Michael

Tolulope Michael is a multiple six-figure career coach, internationally recognised cybersecurity specialist, author and inspirational speaker. Tolulope has dedicated about 10 years of his life to guiding aspiring cybersecurity professionals towards a fulfilling career and a life of abundance. As the founder, cybersecurity expert, and lead coach of Excelmindcyber, Tolulope teaches students and professionals how to become sought-after cybersecurity experts, earning multiple six figures and having the flexibility to work remotely in roles they prefer. He is a highly accomplished cybersecurity instructor with over 6 years of experience in the field. He is not only well-versed in the latest security techniques and technologies but also a master at imparting this knowledge to others. His passion and dedication to the field is evident in the success of his students, many of whom have gone on to secure jobs in cyber security through his program "The Ultimate Cyber Security Program".

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